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For the people doing their first journey in the Eye, a manual was handed to everyone in order to explain vocabulary and sail handling. After a couple of days, one should have learned the names of the sails and their basic handling.

Sailing ship rigging vocabulary   Sail plan   Sail handling   Belaying pins

 

BASIC SAILING SHIP RIGGING VOCABULARY

BACKSTAY
Provides rearward support to a mast. A RUNNING BACKSTAY can be triced out of the way when not in use.

BOOM
Spar which extends the FOOT of a sail.

BOOM PREVENTER
Tackle rigged to prevent a BOOM from swinging out of control when a ship is rolling.

BRACES
Lines for altering the angle of the YARDS to suit the direction of the wind.

BUNTLINE
Line for gathering up the BUNT of a sail when it is being taken in.

CLEW
The lower after corner of a fore and aft sail. Also the lower corner of a square sail.

CLEWLINE
Line for gathering up the CLEW of a sail when it is being taken in.

DOWNHAUL
Line for pulling a sail down when it is being taken in.

FOOT
Bottom edge of a sail.

FOOTROPE
Ropes under the YARDS for standing on when aloft.

GAFF
Spar for extending the HEAD of a four cornered fore and aft sail.

GASKET
Rope for lashing sails secure after they have been taken in.

HALLIARD
Line for hoisting a sail when being set.

HEAD
The top edge of a sail.

LEACH
The vertical edge of a square sail. The after edge of a fore and aft sail.

LEACHLINE
Line for pulling in the leach of a sail when it is being taken in.

LIFT
Line to support the weight of a BOOM or YARD.

LUFF
The foreward edge of a fore and aft sail.

NOCK
The foreward top corner of a four cornered staysail.

PEAK
The after top corner of a fore and aft sail.

RATLINES
Lines tied across the SHROUDS to enable people to go aloft.

SHEET
Line for extending the CLEW of a sail when being set.

SHROUDS
Rigging providing sideways support to a mast.

TACK
The foreward lower corner of a fore and aft sail. The line used to extend the windward CLEW of a squaresail.

THROAT
The foreward top corner of a gaff sail.
VANG
Line to prevent a GAFF from swinging when a ship is rolling.


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